Antica Norba is now site of great archaeological interest.  The well preserved boundary walls of this ancient citadel, date back to the 5th century BC, and stretch for a length of 2.5 km, encircling an area of about 38 hectares.  


These 12 metre high cyclopean walls are made of colossal perfectly fitting blocks of limestone.  There were several gateways, the main one being the Porta Maggiore.


The historian Livy recorded that Norba was a member of the Latin League of 499 BC, and that the site became a Roman colony in 492 BC. Because of it extensive views of the Pontine Plain this formidable fortress defended against attacks by the Volsci tribe, who occupied neighbouring territory.


In 199 BC it was used as a place of detention for Carthaginain hostages. In 82 BC the city was conquered and destroyed by troops of Sulla.  Norba had been a self-governing municipality, and during the Civil War of 81 BC the inhabitants of Norba refused right to the end to surrender their independence to Aemelius Lepidus, the lieutenant of Lucius Cornelius Sulla - dictator of the Roman senate.  So in 82 BC, rather than surrender to their ruthless vengeful enemy the townspeople decided to set the city ablaze and to slaughter each other.



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Campodimele

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Atina, & Val di Comino



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A series of vertiginous hairpin twists and turns lead up to the town of Norma, which is precariously perched on a sheer wall of rock, 435 metres above sea level.


The ancient acropolis of Norba was a pre-Roman settlement set on the high plateau overlooking the Pontine Marshes.   According to legend, Norba was founded by Hercules, however it is uncertain as to who actually founded the city.


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